High-Energy Micro-Environments in Biotechnology< Back
Non-traditional techniques creating high-energy micro-environments represent novel options for hazardous waste treatment, pollutant degradation, water purification, conversion of biomass, and disinfection. These techniques can be applied as stand-alone measures or as novel components of multi-disciplinary approaches. In particular in combination with microbiological approaches, there is a high potential to improve economical and technological efficiency. A sufficient understanding of the specific chemical reaction mechanisms including possible side reactions and of the interactions with microorganisms and enzymes is a pre-requisite for optimized integrated approaches. The working group will focus mainly on ultrasound and electrochemistry in environmental biotechnology and bioengineering. The activity of microorganisms and enzymes will be studied in the presence of ultrasound and electric fields, and after pre-treatment of dissolved pollutants or solid waste. Additionally, hybrid technologies including UV and microwaves will be considered. The results obtained also will contribute to the selection of appropriate operation parameters in other areas such as biochemical synthesis. The potential, limits, and drawbacks of integrated high-energy micro-environment/microbiological techniques will be evaluated.
The working group is funded by the European Science Foundation as part of the COST action D32 “Chemistry in High-Energy Microenvironments” (http://cost.cordis.lu).